What Causes Gingivitis

What Causes Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gingiva, otherwise known as the gums. It is not normally a serious condition. However, if it is left untreated, it can lead to periodontal disease. This is a serious problem and can eventually lead to the loss of one or more teeth. It’s important to see a dentist if you think you might have this condition. Early treatment can keep it from progressing to a more complex and difficult to treat the condition.

Types of Gingival Diseases

There are two types and basically caused by a buildup of plaque on your teeth. If you have a plaque-induced gingival disease it can be caused by medications, malnutrition or systemic factors. Non-plaque gingival disease is caused by a specific fungus, virus or bacteria. Systemic conditions, allergic reactions, injuries to the gums, and even some genetic factors can cause the dental condition.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Mild cases of gingivitis might not display any symptoms at all. However, those with more serious cases might experience some of the following signs:

  • Gums that bleed after you have brushed and/or flossed
  • Bad breath
  • Receding Gums

Diagnosis and Treatment

A Bernardsville, NJ dentist will be able to diagnose a case of gingivitis and recommend effective treatment options. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment that includes regular brushing, flossing, and care from a dental professional is the key to reversing most cases of gingivitis.